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What is Web Accessibility?

Web accessibility (WCAG) is the practise of ensuring that people with disabilities can perceive, understand, navigate, and interact with the web, as well as contribute to the web. It involves making websites and web applications accessible to all users, regardless of their physical or cognitive abilities.

Why Web Accessibility Matters

When we talk about web accessibility, we’re not just talking about compliance with regulations; we’re talking about creating an inclusive online experience for everyone. Just as we build ramps and elevators to make physical spaces accessible, we should also make sure our digital spaces are equally inclusive.

The Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG)

The Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) are a set of technical standards developed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) to ensure that web content is accessible to people with disabilities. These guidelines provide clear and actionable guidance on how to make web content more accessible.

Understanding WCAG Conformance Levels

WCAG has three conformance levels: A, AA, and AAA. Each level represents a different degree of accessibility compliance, with Level A being the minimum requirement and Level AAA being the most stringent. By aiming for at least Level AA conformance, web developers can ensure a high level of accessibility for their users.

Implementing Web Accessibility (WCAG) Principles

When designing websites and web applications, it’s essential to consider various aspects of web accessibility, including but not limited to:

Perceivable

Ensuring that all information and user interface components are presentable to users in ways they can perceive. This includes providing text alternatives for non-text content, such as images and videos.

Operable

Making all functionality available from a keyboard and ensuring that users can navigate, input, and interact with content easily. This also involves providing users enough time to read and use content.

Understandable

Ensuring that content and the operation of the interface are understandable. This includes making text readable and understandable, as well as providing easily navigable web pages.

Robust

Maximising compatibility with current and future user agents, including assistive technologies. This involves using valid and well-formed code that can be interpreted correctly by a wide range of browsers and devices.

Conclusion

Web accessibility is not just a good practise; it’s a legal and moral obligation. By following the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) and implementing web accessibility principles, we can create a more inclusive and equitable online environment for all users. It’s time to embrace the power of web accessibility and ensure that everyone has equal access to the digital world.

Got a website you woud like to improve the user experience on and attract more customers? Feel free to drop me a message or give me a call on 0333 3392 790.

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